寒假综合修炼(1)

综合感悟,提升语感

I. Listening Comprehension

1. B  2.B  3. C  4.A  5. A  6.D  7. A  8.C  9. C  10.D

11. C         12.A         13. B         14. C         15.B 16. C         17.A         18. D         19. A         20. D


II. Grammar and Vocabulary

Section A

21. was brought                22. from                     23.looking                 24. her               25. that            

26. to worry                        27. Even if                  28.As                          29. what           30. worse

Section B

31. B         32.I 33. E         34.H         35. A         36. K         37. G         38. J 39.F          40. D


III. Reading Comprehension     

Section A

41. C         42.A         43. D         44. B         45. D         46. A         47.C         48. D         49. C         50. A

51. B         52.D         53. C         54. B         55. A

Section B

56. D         57.B         58. B         59. A         60. C         61. A         62.B         63. D         64. C         65. C

66. B         67.F          68. E         69. C         70. A                                             

 

IV. Summary Writing

参考答案(得分点)

Two measures have been taken to saveCalifornia condors from extinction for decades. First, to keep condors awayfrom electrical lines, electric shock training let them experience bitter butnot fatal shock. Second, to clear lead from their blood, some are given medicaltreatment at the zoo. As the statistics show, these efforts have had goodresults.

 

V. Translation

72.   Themethod recommended by the expert proved (to be) very effective.

73.  For/ To a country, protecting the environment is as important as maintainingeconomic growth. 

74. How great it is if one day students can be involved in the developmentof courses on their own!

 75.  Notonly will the newly-released magazine influence teenagers’ opinions on fashion,but also it will start a new trend towards a healthy diet.


【听力文字】

I.Listening Comprehension

SectionA

Directions:  InSection A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At theend of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Theconversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear aconversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on yourpaper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

1.    M: Good morning, whatcan I dofor you?

       W: I’d like tohave my emergencybrake fixed.The car rolls when Ipark it onthe hill.

       Q:Where does this conversation most probably take place?

2.    M: It’s such a beautiful day today. Why not sit out in the backyard for a while and enjoy it.

       W: I’d love to, but there is a lot of laundry to do.

       Q: What will the woman probably do?

3.    W: Rod, I hear you’ll be leaving at the end of this month. Is ittrue?

       M: Yeah. I’ve been offered a much better position with anotherfirm. I’d be a fool to turn it  down.

       Q: Why will the man quit his present job?

4.    M: Do you still manage to continue playing sports, Mary?

       W: Not really. Besides the routine work, I have house work anda baby to attend back home.

       Q: Why does the woman stop playing sports?

5.    M: I have to say I find the new smokingregulations too strict.

       W: Well, they’re for everyone’s health. Ihave no complaints.

       Q: What are the speakers talking about?

6.    W: Hi, Michael,I can hardly recognize you, why are you dressed up today? Are you going to       the theatre?

       M: No,actually, I just had an interview at the photo studio this morning.

       Q: What dowe learn about Michael from this conversation?

7.    W: Prof. Jackson, we were wonderingif we couldsit in yourEnglish class?

       M: I wish Icould say “Yes”. But ifI accepted you two, Iwonder how to say “No”to a lotof        others who haveraisedthe same request.

       Q: What does theprofessor imply?

8.    M:What an uncomfortable-looking chair!

       W: Well, it may look that way—but justtry it out!

       Q: What does the woman imply?

9.    W: I ran into Sally the other day and I could hardly recognizeher. Do you remember her      from highschool?

       M:Yeah, she was a little out of shape back then. Well, has she lost a lot ofweight?

       Q:What does the man remember of Sally?

10.   M: Have you taken Miss Green’s history exam before? I’m kind ofnervous.

       W:Yes, just concentrate on the important ideas she talked about in the class andignore the    details.

       Q:How does the woman suggest the man prepare for Miss Green’s exam?

 

SectionB

Directions:  InSection B, you will hear two passages and a longer conversation, and you willbe asked several questions on each of the passages and the conversation. Thepassages and conversation will be read twice, but the questions will be spokenonly once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on yourpaper and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard.

Questions 11 to13 are based on the following passage.

Doyou have a tough math test coming up? Then listen to some classical piano musicjust before the test. You might end up with a higher score. Researchers at auniversity in California conducted an experiment. They asked a group of collegestudents to listen to some piano music by a famous 18th centurycomposer before taking a math test. They were surprised to find that thestudents’ scores jumped 8 to 9 points. The music seems to excite nerve activityin the brain; similar to the activity that occurs when a person is figuring outa math problem. However, the scientists warn before you get too excited aboutapplying this method to your math tests. You should remember that brain’sexciting effects last only 10 to 15 minutes. Would rock music work as well asthe piano music did? No, the scientists say. In fact, the less complex musicmight even interfere with the brain’s reasoning ability.

Questions:

11.What is this passage mainly about?

12.Why can classical music play a positive role in problem solving?

13.What is one of the findings of the research?

 

Questions 14 to16 are based on the following passage.

    The winter gift-giving season isresponsible for twenty percent of all retail spending at American businesses.But how and when people buy holiday gifts is changing. Record numbers ofAmericans are turning to the Internet. More than 100 million people areexpected to buy something online this holiday season.

       Traditionally, the biggest shopping day of the yearwas in late November on the day after Thanksgiving. People still call it “BlackFriday.” The ideawas that it could push businesses “into the black”thetraditional color for recording profits. Red is for debts. But now the busiestdays are right before Christmas. Many people wait for last-minute pricereductions.

       With the rise of the Internet, theNational Retail Federation came up with a new term. “Cyber Monday” is theMonday after Thanksgiving. The idea is that many people look in stores over the weekend.Then, to save time, they order online using the Internet at their jobs whenthey return back to work.Cyber Monday is a big day online. But market researchers at ComScoreNetworks reported that the biggest day of the holiday season so far wasDecember the thirteenth. The company said people spent almost 670 milliondollars at American sites that day. That did not include travel sites.

       ComScore estimates that Online spendingduring thisholiday season will reach almost 25 billion dollars that is 25 percent overlast year.

       Online selling makes it easier forbusinesses to react to changing conditions. It costs less to change theadvertising on a Web site than in stores.

Questions:

14. What does the speaker sayabout “Black Friday”?

15. What do people do before “CyberMonday”?

16. How much money was spent onholiday online shopping last year?

 

Questions 17 to20 are based on the following conversation.

W: Michael, do you go out to work?

M:   Not regularly, no. I used to. I used to havea job in a publishing company, but now I do the things I want to do. Some ofthem get paid like lecturing and teaching, and others don’t.

W:   What are the advantages of not having to goto work from nine till five?

M:   Ah… There’re two advantages really. One isthat if you feel tired you don’t have to get up, and the other is that you canspend your time doing things you want to do rather than being forced to do thesame thing all the time.

W:   Do you feel satisfied in having thisprivileged position?

M:   Yes, because I think I use it well. I dothings which I think are useful to people and the community and which I enjoydoing. Mary, do you think that in order to lead a balanced life, people needsome form of work?

W:   Yes, I do, but I think it’s equally importantthat their attitude about work should be positive. It seems to me that whateverwork one is actually doing can become creative, and I think that this is whatwe all need to feel that we are creating something, in the same way that evenwhen a mother cooks a meal, she is creating something that is very necessaryfor her family.

 

Questions:

17.   What are the speakers mainly talkingabout? 

18.   What is the thing Michael likes to do most?

19.   What problem does Mary think lies withMichael about work?

20.   What does Mary think about work?